[Title] Are big data taking industry towards “no-brainer” safety?
Professor Nicola Paltrinieri,
(Professor of Risk Assessment, Leader of the NTNU Energy Team Hydrogen, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway, Visiting scholar of Cruz lab, DPRI, Kyoto University)
May 10 (Tue) 15:00-16:30
[Venue & Registration]
The seminar will be held in a hybrid manner both via Zoom and onsite. The venue is room S-519D of Uji campus, Kyoto University.
Please register here by May 8.
Industry is stepping into its 4.0 phase by implementing and increasingly relaying on cyber-technological systems. Wider networks of sensors may allow for continuous monitoring, while enhanced computational power provides the capability of processing the collected “big data”. This information may suggest proactive safety strategies, or directly initiate the action of autonomous actuators. But have we reached safety 4.0 promises yet? A traditional view on safety points at the absence of accidents and incidents. A forward-looking perspective on safety affirms that it involves ensuring that “as many things as possible go right”. However, in both the views there is an element of uncertainty associated to risk prediction. This uncertainty does not simply disappear once we apply sophisticated data analytics techniques, but it can be found behind modelling choices and parameters setting. In a nutshell, “there ain’t no such thing as a free lunch”, i.e. any model claiming superior flexibility usually introduce extra assumptions. This speech will illustrate a few examples where big data and machine learning are used for industrial safety assessment. They will remind us that appropriate understanding of the technique is an essential requirement for trustworthy results, and they will paradoxically confirm human centrality in such contexts.
Nicola Paltrinieri joined the Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU (Norway) in 2016 and he was recently promoted to full professor. In 2012, he earned a PhD in Environmental, Safety and Chemical Engineering from the University of Bologna, where he is still adjunct professor. Between 2012 to 2016, he worked as a research scientist at the department of Safety Research, SINTEF Technology and Society (Norway). He serves as associate editor for the journal “Safety Science”. He is the leader of the NTNU Energy Team Hydrogen and treasurer of the Society of Risk Analysis – Europe. He serves as Norwegian delegate of the Working Party on Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion within the European Federation of Chemical Engineering.